Wednesday, November 26, 2008

Military Vehicle Modelling

I would recommend you choose the liquid cement that comes in a bottle with a brush applicator. This is far easier to use than tube cement - you just brush the surfaces that need to be joined. The glue quickly evaporates and so there is less chance of damaging the plastic. I use Humbrol Liquid Poly for straight kit building. This is a fairly aggressive cement that gives a good strong bond. It comes in a small 28ml bottle with a brush for application mounted in the screw cap. Revell Contacta cement is also good, but is thicker than Humbrol and needs more care. While Humbrol and Revell liquid cement are excellent for general kit building, they are too aggressive for cementing fine plastic parts. For this, I use a second liquid cement called Plastic Weld by EMA Model Supplies. This is a mild-acting glue that is good for adding fine surface detail, such as cementing plastic strip, rivets or bolt heads. Plastic Weld will also bond other types of plastic such as ABS, Acrylic or Perspex. Slaters MEK is also a fine cement to use on small parts.

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Scale Aircraft Modelling

The origins of the hobby known today as scale modelling date back to before the beginning of the twentieth century. During the Great War and, more prolifically, during the Second World War, model aircraft were fabricated from wood and metal and used for the practice of identifying enemy aircraft. Indeed, as late as the 1970s, young Air Training Corps cadets were still learning the difference between the main military types from scale models. The first scale kits available for purchase were made from balsa wood and it wasn't until the 1950s that injection-moulded plastic parts were used to construct more exact replicas. Today, injected plastic is, almost without exception, the main medium from which scale model aircraft are built. In the 1960s, model aircraft had raised panel lines and rivets that, if scaled up, would nearer represent hubcaps. Today's model manufacturers use computer-designed masters and state-of-the-art equipment to create parts that fit together so well that it is possible to make fine replicas of all sorts of aircraft, from the beginning of flight, through to the present aircraft that grace the skies and even into the future.

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Modelling the US Army M4 (75mm) Sherman Medium Tank

The Sherman was the most widely used Allied tank of World War II and was built in larger numbers than all German tanks combined. Due to the enormity of the subject, this book takes a look at part of the Sherman story in World War II, the 75mm gun versions used by the US Army in the European Theater of Operations (ETO). The primary focus of this book is on 1/35 scale, but with the revival of 1/48-scale kits from Tamiya and Hobby Boss, a 1/48-scale project is also included. In 1942, the US Army decided to limit its combat use of the Sherman to versions with the R-97S radial engine, namely the M4 and M4A1 tanks. These two types are in fact identical except that the M4A1 used a cast upper hull While the M4 used a welded hull. Other types of Shermans, such as the diesel-powered M4A2 and the M4A4 with the Chrysler multi-bank engine, were reserved for Lend Lease, though the US Army did use some for training in the United States. So for most of the combat from Operation Torch in November 1942 through the Italian campaign, and up to D-Day and the campaign in France, the M4 and M4A1 were the standard US Army types.

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Modelling the F4U Corsair

The combat career of the F4U Corsair stretched longer than almost any other World War II fighter aircraft. The first of more than 12,000 Corsairs were produced in 1940, and the last of these bent-wing birds were still doing battle above Central America nearly 30 years later. The Vought Aircraft company had a strong association with the US Navy during the inter-war decades, but their focus in the 1930s was observation aircraft, trainers and seaplanes. In response to a US Navy specification issued in February 1938, Vought submitted two designs. With the second of these carrier-based fighter proposals, Vought adopted the simple strategy of building the smallest possible airframe around the most powerful available engine. At the same time, Pratt & Whitney was developing the supercharged R-2800 radial engine. Radial engines had recently lost favour to the sleeker inline configuration, but the US Navy preferred the ruggedness and simplicity of the radial arrangement.

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Wing Masters Nr. 12

Unter diesen Umständen beschränkte sich mein persönlicher Beitrag auf das Hinzufügen von Sitzgurten als Eigenbau aus sehr dünner Plastikkarte, versehen mit Schnallen aus 0,1 mm dünnem Kupferdraht. Hinter der Armaturentafel und am Funkgerät wurden einige Kabel - ebenfalls aus Kupferdraht - ergänzt. Die Passung zwischen Seitenruderpedalen und Steuersäule muß leicht überarbeitet werden, damit alles perfekt sitzt.Die Pilotenkanzel bemalt man inwendig in Schwarzgrau (RLM 66), mit einigen Details, wie man sie auf unseren Fotos vom Bau sehen kann, in Hellgrau, Braun und Rot. Da diese Baugruppe etliche feine Kleinteile umfaßt, besteht der nächste Arbeitsschritt im Abdunkeln der Vertiefungen und dem Aufhellen der hervorstehenden Partien mit verschiedenen Grautönen, die man mit dem Airbrush aufträgt.

'Stalins in the treeline' Cromwell Models Flak 41

Comwell Models Flak 41 is one of those delightful kits that can be built straight from the box with the absolute minimum of fuss over a couple of evenings work. Try as I might I could find very little to improve upon and the simple assemble procedure combines with a well designed parts which fit as intended. The only modifications that I made were to add the hooks which secure the gunshields during transportation and to add the stowage points for the spikes that secure the gun on the chassis sides. I also modified the gunners seat, replacing the resin seat bracket with a copy made from brass tube so that it would be strong enough to hold the gunner, but more of that later. In order to give the gun a more secure fixing to the cruciform I fitted 2 brass rods into the base of the gun which located into the cruciform.

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Modelling the German 15cm sIG33 Bison and Grille

The 'Bison' and 'Grille' are generally accepted names for Germany's self-propelled 15cm schwere Infanteriegeschütz 33 (sIG33) vehicles from World War II. One of Germany's chief weapons manufacturers, Rheinmetall, introduced the schwere Infanteriegeschütz 33 (sIG33) in 1927. With a firing range of 4.7km it was the most powerful support weapon for the German infantry, and in January of 1940 the first attempts were made to adapt it to a tracked vehicle. The entire gun carriage, complete with wheels, was mounted on the Panzer I Ausf. B chassis, with tall shields of armour plate added to protect the front and sides. Six companies of these vehicles were deployed on the Western Front, with each company having six self-propelled guns. The sIG33(Sf) auf PzKpfw I Ausf. B (Bison I) stayed in service until 1943. Thirty-eight examples of this vehicle were built.

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Modelling the Jagdpanzer 38(t) 'Hetzer'

The Jagdpanzer 38(t) 'Hetzer' was developed in the latter stages of World War II in an effort to make up for losses in assault-gun production due to the Allied bombing of German factories. A highly successful design, the little tank hunter was fast and relatively inexpensive to manufacture. Using proven components from the Panzer 38(t), it proved a valuable weapon on both the Eastern and Western fronts of the war with its potent 7.5cm Pak 39/L48 gun. Taking advantage of the factory facilities of BMM and Skoda in Czechoslovakia, the Germans produced over 2,500 vehicles of this type between April 1944 and May 1945. Soon after the war, the Swiss and Czech armies used modified versions of the Hetzer (designated G-13 and ST-1 respectively) up until the 1970s.

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Model Aircraft Tips and Techniques

There are three easy ways to make interior parts such as wing gun boxes, bulkhead framing, cockpit firewalls and consoles, and the interior areas of wheel wells. The method you use depends on the cost of the model and what part you want to make. If you are making interior bulkhead parts or framing for the fuselage you can use a contour gauge to determine the cross-sectional shape of the fuselage at a particular location, draw the part onto sheet plastic, rough-cut the part, and then form-fit the part into place. While the contour gauge will get you fairly close to the interior shape of the fuselage, it is not a precise instrument and you may have to repeat this procedure several times until you get the hang of it.

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Todo Modelismo Issue 01

A partir del verano de 1944, los Ma rines Tank Bataliones (Mt. Bn.) y sus Sherman se tuvieron que enfrentar a tres nuevos enemigos: el anticarro de 47 mm. tipo 1. que empezó a aparecer en gran número a partir de la campaña de Saipan (Las Marianas), en julio de 1944. con resultados mortales; los equipos anticarro suicidas banzai y las nuevas minas magnéticas anticarro, con tres imanes en su base unidas a roda mientos de bola, lo que les permitía fi jarse a cualquier superficie metálica: cuando detonaba, proyectaba su carga dentro del carro, fundiendo sus paredes como si fueran de mantequilla.

Todo Modelismo Issue 02

El tripulante que adjunta el kit se ha utilizado como oficial del cano, limando y lijando el casco para adaptarlo a su nueva función, el uniforme también ha de cambiarse para representar a un cañista israelita. Se eliminan con cuchillas los detalles que no sean ade cuados, añadiendo los correctos con pasta de modelar aplicada en peque ñas porciones realizando bolsillos, cre malleras, costuras, etc. También se modela las barbas con masilla. El otro tripulante es producto de una mezcla de cuerpos y brazos diversos y una ca beza de kit de Verlinden. también el uniforme se remodela con masilla.

Todo Modelismo Issue 03

El monstruo despellejado que porta el plumin se ha pintado de manera gue las zonas en las que carece de piel den una sensación sanguinolenta, para lo cual se emplea rojo brillante de Humbrol; las zonas del cuerpo que tienen piel se pintan de color carne por el método que anteriormente se ha explicado. Todas las figuras están remarcadas en negro para obtener el máximo detalle de éstas. Para obtener el color avejentado de la mesa se usan colorantes para madera, con los que se imitan las vetas; la nogalina oscurece el contrachapado, y además se añaden tonos verdosos y ocres.

Military Modelling Aug 2001

Now the fun part starts! Chipping is, (or me, much more than the recreation of spots of chipped paint. It also given a lot more finesse to your model! But chipping with dark and rusty colours only works on light base colours, so remember this while spraying the base colour. For reasons of scale effect, it is better to make the base colour quite light anyway. After trying pastels and oil paints, I now prefer to use Humbrol enamels and I put these also on piece of aluminium foil (usually only the thick paint from the bottom of the tin,) getting the consistency right by mixing it for every brush load with while spirit. This might seem a waist of time, but it helps to get the paint on my brush always the way I want it - not too thick or too thin. Moreover, the paint will always dry matt, something (hat is not always guaranteed when using paint straight out of the tin!

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Intermediate Military Vehicle Modelling

However good model kits of tanks and armoured fighting vehicles become, enthusiast modellers will usually find something to add. Most of the component parts of kits of vehicles made by the injection-moulded plastic process feature engraved or raised detail to some degree. But the keen modeller will soon realise that much can be done to make a mass-produced replica that bit special and 'personalised'. The moulds mainly used to create injection-moulded kits cannot always cope with very tiny items. Making large or small changes to 'customise' or improve a basic kit or create an alternative version of a particular vehicle, is a very popular pastime.

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How to build Dioramas

Of all the steps in building a diorama, planning is most important and most frequently overlooked. Most dioramas that miss the mark usually do so because of critical planning errors before construction is even begun. Designing a diorama is not difficult, but it's always worthwhile to make sure that the basic concept of your diorama is well thought out and that the way you intend to carry it through is practical and sound. Planning is the foundation on which your diorama is to be built, and whatever time you devote to ensuring the strength of that foundation is time well spent.

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Airfix Magazine Guide 27 Modelling RAF Vehicles

The Airfix range of RAF vehicle kits, the Emergency set, Refuelling set and Recovery set, have been popular as accessories to airfield scene dioramas since their introduction. They also, together with other vehicle kits in the Airfix range, serve as a basis for converting and scratch-building a host of other military vehicles. The object of this book is to provide ideas and data, especially drawings and sketches, showing how these models can be made. Research for this book revealed that there was no hope of including all the vehicles used by the Royal Air Force so some strict pruning was required and coverage was limited to the more popular for the most part, but with some rarer types included to try to cover as many aspects as possible of this subject.

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Aircraft Modelling Step by Step Vol.2

In order to achieve a realistic effect and take advantage of these raised details, we proceed in the following fashion. Firstly, we apply a coat of wood color as a base for our work. The color was obtained from the following mixture of Tamiya acrylics: XF3-65% + XF7-5% +XF10-20% + XF2-10%. After applying the base coat and allowing the paint to dry, we outline the frame lines using a brush and the acrylic color Burnt Umber from Prince August. In this way we achieve a good depth effect. Next we paint the raised parts of the frames using Beige Brown, darkened slightly with Burnt Umber. It is necessary to use a fine-tipped brush, but one that nevertheless can hold a good amount of paint (for example the N°2 Kolinski brush from Davinci is ideal). To create the effect of wood lines, we use the last brush with Beige Brown for the dark lines and Desert Sand for the lighter ones. With these two tones, a very realistic contrast is created. A coat of satin varnish finishes the inside of the cockpit.

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Model Aircraft Monthly 2005-08

THIS PARTICULAR ISSUE MARKS THE 60th Anniversary of the official end of World War Two, with the unconditional surrender of Japan on 15 August 1945. The War in the Pacific, as it is generally referred to, started at the end of 1941, on 7 December, with the Imperial Japanese Navy's pre-emptive strike on the US Navy's bases and installations at Pearl Harbor and simultaneous attacks on British and Dutch interests in the Far East, some two years alter the War in Europe had erupted in September 1939. More than anything, Pearl Harbor was responsible for bringing the United States of America into the conflict, which, following Ger many and Italy's immediate declaration of war against the super power, as part of the tripartite Axis, effectively turned it in to a truly global war.

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Panzer Aces No.2

La configuración básica era la habitual en este tipo de armas, con la cámara de combate situada en la parte delantera y el compartimento del motor en la trasera. La superestructura estaba constituida por planchas de blindaje inclinadas que alcanzaban un grosor máximo de ochenta milímetros en la coraza frontal. Este blindado tenía una altura total de tan solo ciento ochenta y cinco centímetros, lo que permitía su empleo con gran éxito en emboscadas. En orden de combate el peso era de veinticuatro toneladas, y la velocidad máxima 39 km/h.

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Wing Masters No.1

En effet, au sortir de la Grande Guerre, la France pos sédait la première aviation du monde après avoir construit, en quatre ans, 4 500 avions de combat sur un total de 50000 appareils, tous types confondus. La cessation des hostilités entraîna non seulement l'arrêt des commandes, mais également celui des innovations, tandis que 190000 des 200000 employés de l'industrie aéronautique étaient licenciés. Vingt-cinq ans plus tard, les évolutions restaient peu nombreuses, surtout au niveau des mentalités. C'est ce facteur, combiné aux lourdes erreurs commises au niveau des plus hautes instances de l'armée qui explique essentiellement la défaite des ailes françaises au début de l'été 1940.

Wing Masters No.45

Équivalent soviétique du A-10 et fer de lance de l'aviation d'assaut kxs de ta première guerre d'Afghanistan, le Su-25 Frogfoot est le rigne héritier de l'll-2 Sturmovik avec un peu plus d'un millier d'appareils produits à ce jour. En dotation dans nombre de forces aériennes de l'ex-URSS et de sa sphère d'influence, le Su-25 connaît une seconde vie avec de nouvelles variantes, mono places ou biplaces, d'assaut tout-temps, embar quées ou de tractage de cible. Première mono graphie de qualité sur le sujet - si l'on excepte les publications trimestrielles d'Aerospace Publi shing - ce livre retrace toutes les étapes de la désormais longue carrière du Frogfoot. De la genèse à la production des dernières séries, en passant par l'utilisation au combat sur les théâtres médiatisés de l'ex-URSS, Gordon et Dawes détaillent le développement de ce robuste chas seur de chars. Les chapitres sont bien docu mentés et chaque version fait l'objet d'un des criptif relativement complet.

Aircraft Modelling Step by Step vol.1

Constructing a limited-series model is usually a challenge for a modeler since the almost-handmade origin of the majority of these models demands a great deal of work. In return, once it is finished, and due to the limited number of units, the model becomes a great source of satisfaction for the modeler, who now possesses a model that is quite rare and practically unique. Our model was a classic from World War I, an AIRCO 2H2. This kit was number 1166 in a series of 1500.

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Verlinden Modeling Magazine Vol.5 No.1

The model used is a perfect combination of an already excellent plastic kit and a resin photoetched update and detailing set. Tamiya's T-72 kit goes beyond expectations of quality, detail and fit. It certainly surpasses all its competition and although more expensive, it is well worth even more than the difference in price. It was so good, in fact, that VP had a difficult time to find details to improve it. Most of the update set involves added parts such as the simulated engine, engine covers, dust covers, open stowage bin, interior hatch periscopes and gunsights. The only parts replaced were the gun barrel and canvas gun cover and the VP Dushka machine gun kit was used to replace the kit assembly which, due to the limitations of the injection process, was lacking some detail.

Building and Displaying Scale Model Aircraft

Most of the models I build are injection-molded plastic air plane kits, just like the ones you find in hobby shops. But this hobby doesn't end there. Other types of kits, aftermarket details and accessories, paints, tools, and reference materials are available. You won't need everything that's out there, but there are a few tools and materials you should have on your workbench. Speaking of workbenches, you don't need anything fancy, but you should have a small table or desk where you can work and leave your project while you attend to life's other pleasures. Make sure there is plenty of light, access to electricity, and good ventilation.

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Euromodelismo 136

Estos últimos expeiían unas grandes estelas blancas de condensación, lo que permitía su rápida localización visual. Pero pronto se dieron cuenta que no podrían llegar hasta los bombarderos, ya que habían sido avistados por una gran formación de cazas de escolta que estaban deseando entrar en acción después de las largas y aburridas horas de vuelo. El jefe de la formación de escolta observó a los Tal52 con sorpresa; nunca había visto unos aparatos con semejante envergadura y de aspecto tan frágíí. trepando a aquefía velocidad endiablada. Esperando una de las habituales trampas a las que tan aficionados eran los pilotos alemanes, destacó a cuatro P-51 Mustang para que resolvieran lo que en principio parecía un ligero inconveniente, más que una amenaza, mientras el resto de la formación se mantenía a la expectativa. Los dos Focke-WulF vieron cómo estos cuatro «indios» se descolgaban de la formación y soltaban sus depósitos suplementarios, acelerando al máximo para iniciar la persecución. Casi al mismo tiempo los aviones alemanes se pusieron a la altura de los Mustang, estabilizaron su vuelo sin emplear la potencia de emergencia de combate y maniobraron para dejarse alcanzar por detrás. El «líder», sin duda un piloto experimentado, manejaba su aparato con templanza, observando la maniobra de los P-51 por los retrovisores colocados especialmente para él por sus mecánicos unos días atrás. Su aparato, un prototipo, estaba en plena fase ensayos.

Euromodelismo 137

Habiendo concebido esta viñeta como un homenaje dedicado a los paracaidistas de la 101 th Airborne Division que lucharon en la mañana del 6 de junio, la puesta en escena evoca el sacrificio de los miles de soldados americanos que cayeron heridos o muertos en suelo francés durante el verano de 1944. para que los franceses pudiéramos vivir en un país liberado ya del yugo de la ocupación, como antes lo habían hecho sus mayores por esa misma causa durante la Gran Guerra. El origen de esta pequeña composición se remonta a 1988 cuando, al poder disponer de algo más de tiempo, pude dedicarme por entero a mis dos pasiones primeras: el modelismo y la historia, y particularmente a la campaña de Normandía. Habiendo situado la acción de la viñeta en los alrededores de Pont-Hébert. al norte de Saint-Ló, el 11 de julio de 1944. primero decidí construir un Sherman M4, intentando adecuarme lo más posiole a mis escasos conocimientos.

EuroModelismo 178

Con este concurso concluye todos los anos el curso modelístico. Es como un anticipo de las Navidades y, al igual que suele ocurrir en la mayoría de las competiciones, es el fruto del esfuerzo de un reducido grupo de aficionados que hacen todo lo posible para que este pequeño milagro tenga continuidad. Para ello cuentan con el apoyo de los ayuntamientos de modestas localidades, los cuales siempre están más dispuestos a prestar su apoyo a este tipo de eventos, mientras que los de ciudades como Madrid, Valencia, Barcelona, Bilbao o Sevilla no aportan el mínimo imprescindible para hacer viable un concurso de estas características.

EuroModelismo - Carros en Rusia 01

EI desarrollo de los caitos de combale alemanes durante la I Querra Mundial fue apenas testimonial dada su minúscula cantidad. No obstante fue muy interesante bajo el punto de vista del camuflaje, pues se experimentaron varios tipos de esquemas de cara a dos objetivos diferentes: por un lado al efecto disruptor y, por otro, al camuflaje de mimetismo con el terreno. La elección de los colores, verde, marrón y arena de la I' Querra Mundial fue normalizada posteriormente en la II Quería Mundial. Cuando se comienza a formar la nueva fuerza acorazada, los colores elegidos son diferentes, ahora en tonalidad oscura gris asfalto o gris panzer, verde y marrón, que lo serían aún más al suprimir dos colores, auedándose el gris asfalto o Panzer Qrey como color único, encaminado al camuflaje en zona urbana.

EuroModelismo - Carros en Rusia 02

Cuando el 22 de julio de 1941 la U.R.S.S. fue atacada por Alemania, todos los blindados del Heer (Ejército de Tierra) y las Waffen SS estaban pintados en Dunkelgrau RAL 7021. Este color era un gris mate muy oscuro cuya tonalidad variaba dependiendo del lote de pintura y el fabricante, que tras varias semanas se degradaba por la acción de los rayos solares y la propia oxidación de sus componentes, adquiriendo un tono más claro. Esto unido a la porosidad de la pintura mate que contribuía a que se adhiriese firmemente a ella el polvo de los caminos, hacía que los vehículos adquiriesen cierto aspecto de mimetización con el entorno, viéndose incrementado este efecto si el terreno estaba embarrado.

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EuroModelismo - Panzer Aces

La primera vez que este blindado entró en combate fue en Saipán, en el archipiélago de fas Marianas, en junio de 1944 Los Marines siempre supieron valorar las cualidades de los Amtanks. que les ofrecían cobertura y protección en las cabezas de playa, pero el blindaje del casco de estos grandes vehículos anfibios era muy vulnerable al fuego enemigo, y la torreta abierta de los LVT(A) 4 resultaba peligrosa ante los francotiradoies y los ataques suicidas de los soldados japoneses. Debido a esto, los tripulantes solían acoplar varias ametralladoras en ta torreta protegidas por escudos de acero. Los Amtanks se emplearon en los desembarcos del Pacifico hasta el final de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, aunque en las últimas operaciones el peso del apoyo a las tropas se confiaba cada vez más a los carros de combate M4A2. De cualquier modo los Amtanks continuaron desempeñando un papel fundamental, y resultaron imprescindibles durante los avances finales, en mayo de 1945 cuando ias lluvias convirtieron los caminos en lodazales.

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EuroModelismo - Stug III

Para poder almacenar cajones con equipo y bagajes, latas de combustible, etc., con mucha frecuencia las tripulaciones solían soldar barras o tiras de metal alrededor de la cubierta del motor. Este modelo G final muestra un camuflaje bastante interesante, que está formado por sinuosas líneas verticales de los colores Oilvgrun RAL 6003 y Rotbraun RAL 8017 sobre el color base Dunkelgelb RAL 7028. Una práctica habitual en esta etapa de la guerra, era complemencar el blindaje de la parte delantera de la casamata añadiendo cemento sobre las planchas ¡nclinadas. A su vez, en caso de pérdida de los faldones laterales denominados Schürzen, la carencia se contrarrestaba colocando dos o tres troncos de árbol a cada lado de la casamata, y rellenando el espacio que quedaba entre ésta y aquellos con tramos de oruga.

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Model Airplane International 2005-11

This kit comprises two grey sprues, a small etched fret, the resin parts, the vac-formed canopies and a decal sheet. Even though the main plastic parts are nicely moulded with just a little flash, I didn't like the engraved panel lines, as they varied in both thickness and depth. I also feel that Special Hobby have failed to realistically reproduce the cowling as the flaps looked very poor, being thick and faintly defined. In think that a separate resin cowling would have been an ideal solution. Fortunately the rest of the parts seemed to be much better, with the resin parts free of bubbles and the etched parts (produced by Eduard) were of their usual high quality. I also appreciated the inclusion of the spare canopy, even though the clear plastic used showed a blue tint, this disappeared once the canopy was attached.

Model Airplane International 2005-12

Along with Mikhoyan's MiG-29 Fulcrum it was one of the types in the late 1980s that shocked much of the Western world when they appeared at Russian air shows. Little did anyone know at the time that the Su-27 was going to spawn a whole family of highly competitive, highly effective, aircraft. Whilst the MiG has been overshadowed by the F-16 in the commercial world since the collapse of the U.S.S.R. the Sukhoi design has turned heads whenever it has appeared and has shown itself to be a financial winner. The Flanker was also allegedly Instrumental in the USAF getting the funding for its F-22 Raptor because once the top brass heard how their F-I5s had been controversially beaten up in joint exercises with Indian AF Su-27s, the money for the new American jet aircraft was soon appropriated from other projects.

Collins - Classic Kits - Collecting The Greatest Model Kits

Fortunately, Ralph Ehrmann is still very much with us. Though no longer involved with Airfix, typically Ralph is still involved with business and some very 21st-century ones at that. Despite his official retirement from industry. Ralph Ehrmann has become heavily involved with Cashbacs International, a leading-edge supplier of automated bank transfer systems established in 1987 and now sponsored by banking giant HSBC as an approved BAGS bureau.In January 1999, in the sumptuous surroundings of the Great Hall of Lincoln's Inn, shortly after the Toy Fair, Ralph Ehrmann was honoured for his outstanding contribution to the toy industry. At the British Toy & Hobby Association's fourth Roll of Honour Dinner. Ralph Ehrmann was presented with a specially commissioned bronze casting created by famous sculpture and figure modeller, Ron Cameron.

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Model Aircraft Monthly 2006-04

During this period it was assumed that the defence policy of the UK would be based on the principle of deterrence of war in all its forms and OR 343 stated that by 1965, the RAF would require a new aircraft to carry out tactical strike and reconnaissance operations, using both nuclear and conventional weapons, enabling the RAF to continue to provide tactical support for the Army, to make an effective contribution to the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACUR)'s forces and Britain's other regional pacts such as Central Treaty Organisation and South East Asia Treaty Organisation. In addition to this, such an aircraft would also allow the RAF to deter, and if necessary to fight, limited wars in theatres outside Europe as part of its commitments to maintain the internal and external security of those territories for which it was responsible, to whom there were obligations, or in which the UK had essential economic interests.

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Modelaid Quarterly International 01

By October 1938 de Havilland's had decided that although it was intended to raise the combat speed of its bomber into the 400mph category, the Mosquito was to be constructed in wood. The company was used to this material and had the necessary equipment. There were, in fact, other reasons for this choice but the main one was that the metal industry was already working to capacity and, in time, would be taxed even more. This would mean a delay in construction and testing. It was not until the outbreak of war in 1939 that interest in a totally unarmed bomber began to harden and in early 1940 an Air Ministry specification, B. 1/40, was issued asking for basic requirements of a 1,000 lb bomb load and a range of 1,500 miles. In March 1940 an official order for fifty aircraft reached de Havilland.

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Fine Scale Modeller - Detailing Scale Model Aircraft

This is the most comprehensive book on detailing model aircraft ever written. It documents with step-by-step detail and hundreds of closeup photographs how to turn an average model into a detailed masterpiece. Dozens of simple techniques will teach you how to add detail to cockpits; scratchbuild interiors, seats, and seat frames; and add interior details such as piping, switches, and dials.
You'll learn how to modify and improve kit-supplied parts; detail engines and intake and exhaust ports; how to add detail to wheel wells and landing gear; how to remove, modify, and reattach control surfaces, hatches, and access panels; and add rigging and control cables to biplanes. An entire chapter is devoted to tips and techniques on everything from seam removal to masking clear parts and applying and weathering decals.

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Hints and tips for plastic modeling

Few other hobbies give as great a return on the hobbyist's investment as plastic modeling. Even a novice with few tools and little space can build handsome models from inexpensive plastic kits. Experienced modelbuilders create superbly detailed miniature aircraft, armored vehicles, cars, trucks, ships, and other models using techniques that call for exquisite craftsmanship, but that still require only modest work space and a limited range of tools and materials. HINTS AND TIPS FOR PLASTIC MODELING contains several hundred modelbuilding techniques compiled from publications of the International Plastic Modelers Society/USA and volunteered by IPMS/USA members. All these hints and tips have been tested and found useful to beginning, intermediate, and advanced modelers.

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Manual de Modelismo

El modelismo es una afición que en la actualidad ha alcanzado un nivel muy alto en muchas de sus facetas —figuras, trenes, aeromodelos, embarcaciones, coches, radiocontrol, dioramas—cada una de las cuales ejerce una fascinación peculiar. No obstante, todas tienen qué ofrecer a las demás, estimulando ideas y aportando técnicas antes reservadas a dominios específicos.
Ahora los modelistas disponen de una cantidad aparentemente inagotable de kits y accesorios, así como abundantísimo material de consulta. Lo que faltaba hasta el momento era un texto único que permitiese adquirir los conocimientos y práctica necesaria para realizar cualquier maqueta.

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Osprey Masterclass - Ancient & Medieval Modelling

The invasion of Britain was predicated on two main events: the defeat of the Royal Air Force to ensure that the skies above the invasion force were clear of British aircraft, and the blocking of the Channel to the Royal Navy. Once those aims had been achieved, the first German wave — some nine divisions — would land between Worthing in Sussex and Dover, across from Calais in Kent. Subsequently a second and third wave would follow up once the bridgehead was secured.
As we know today, Goering's Luftwaffe did not clear the skies of the RAF: far from it, his air forces received a bloody nose in the autumn of 1940. Indeed, RAF bombers were able to strike against the invasion fleet all over northern Europe where it gathered in harbours and ports. By October Hitler's attentions were turning eastwards; by January 1941, the fleet was dispersed.

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