Tuesday, January 29, 2013

RC Model Flyer 01/2011

Development of the DHC (de Havilland Canada) Twin Otter began in 1964, with the first flight on May 20, 1965. Design features included double slotted trailing edge flaps and ailerons that work in unison with the flaps to boost STOL performance. The availability of the 550 shp (410 kW) Pratt and Whitney Canada PT6A-20 propeller turbine engine in the early 1960s made the concept of a twin more feasible. According to Wikapeadia, as of August 2006, a total of 584 Twin Otter aircraft (all variants) remained in service worldwide. After production ended, the remaining tooling was purchased by Viking Air of Victoria, British Columbia, who manufacture replacement parts for all of the out of production de Havilland Canada aircraft. On February 24, 2006 Viking purchased the type certificates from Bombardier Aerospace for all the out of production de Havilland DHC-1 through DHC-7 aircraft. The ownership of the certificates gives Viking the exclusive right to manufacture new aircraft. On July 17, 2006, at the Farnborough Air Show, Viking Air announced its intention to offer a Series 400 Twin Otter. On April 2, 2007 Viking announced that with 27 orders and options in hand, it was restarting production of the Twin Otter, equipped with a more powerful Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34/35 engine. As of November 2007, 40 firm orders and 10 options had been taken and a new assembly plant established in Calgary, Alberta. Zimex Aviation of Switzerland received the first new production aircraft, serial number 845, in July 2010.

Scale Military Figure Conversions

Military figure modelling has existed in one form or another, since man learned both to fight, and to create. Beautifully crafted scale figures of soldiers and sailors have been found in burial sites, pyramids and tombs throughout antiquity, charting and commemorating mans struggle against those who would destroy him, his land and his loved ones. The figures in Fig. 1 are of Wellington, his wife Kitty Pakenham, and an infantry guardsman. They were cast in lead recycled from musket balls retrieved from the field at Waterloo. Today, we are blessed indeed that a great diversity of model soldiers, sailors and airmen in all scales, from all of the major combatant nations throughout history, are available from some very notable manufacturers across the world. Military figure modelling is no longer the cottage industry it was back in the 1960s and 70s, and the new-found diversity in type and scale can only be a good thing, ensuring in most cases that only the very best have survived.

Modelling Fallschirmjager Figures

From its early beginnings as a battalion in 1936, Germany's paratrooper branch grew to a body comprising several divisions. About 230,000 men served as Fallschirmjäger throughout the Third Reich period, the greater part of them during World War II, when paratrooper units were engaged in every major campaign, earning an elite status, admiration and respect even from their enemies. This image seems to have endured in our own hobby area, and Fallschirmjäger are plentiful in the figure market, making this popular subject an excellent choice for this series of how-to modelling guides. Of the diverse subjects dealt with in this book, painting techniques take the lion's share; given the limitations of space, we reasoned that it would be natural to prioritize this, the most widely followed discipline. We hope that the many modellers who concentrate on painting out-of-the-box figures, as well as those who also indulge in figure conversion, will both profit from some of the techniques explained in the painting tutorials. We have also found that painting techniques are especially well suited for a step-by-step presentation. Our chosen medium is acrylic paint, which has steadily gained popularity in our hobby.

Monday, January 28, 2013

Flying Scale Modeller 06/2011

It is always very pleasing to report on a new traditional scale kit. Even more so, when it's a Hawker Typhoon, and a new UK product. Pukka scale kits are few and far between, so a little about its genesis is instructive. A short while ago, Chris Willis was casting about for a new project. After much research, he decided on a Hawker Typhoon. The problem was that he could find no kits or plans at his target size of 100 inch span. So, he set pen to paper, and drew up his own 106 inch version. He knew that the tail would have to be light, so he kept that in mind. He also knew he wanted to employ foam wings and a fairly easy construction. Consequently, he spent a good bit of time at the drawing board, and ended up with a design he liked. He then phoned his friend Ken Bones, to discuss the progress so far. The following night, Ken phoned back and said he fancied one of those new Tiffys too!

Scale Modeling Tips and Techniques

Having modeling trouble? Looking for a better or easier way to build? Perhaps you have something special in mind, but you're not sure how to get the effect you're after. Here's the answer! SCALE MODELING TIPS AND TECHNIQUES is the best of "Tips and Techniques," a regular feature of FINESCALE MODELER Magazine. The column relies on FSM's readers to share new, innovative, and sometimes unorthodox modeling methods. We've taken 10 years of "Tips" and put them between these covers to give you an easy-to-use reference. The handy hints are illustrated with more than 150 drawings and photos. The next time a modeling problem has you stumped, pause for a moment, take a deep breath, and reach for this book. Whether you are a novice or a Michelangelo, there is something here for you - something that will make you shake your head and say, "Why didn't I think of that!"


Dear reader, You hold in your hands the result of a modelling adventure that started some two years ago when group of modellers set out to model the Panther Ausf.G tank. Initially this was a group build where the modellers shared the process of the build and their knowledge of the Panther tank. The models background were to be thoroughly researched to determine the unit, location, production date etc. Initially I was not involved in this group but when I heard about it I realised the models could be used to make an interesting book. After discussions with Mirko Bayerl and Roddy MacDougall as well as the modellers involved in the group build, I decided to go ahead with this project and turn their work into a book. I also decided that I wanted to include models of the Panther Ausf. A and Ausf. D, fortunately it did not take me too long to round up some further crew members for the book who were eager to participate.

Modelling Armoured Vehicles

This book has been written primarily for modellers of a skill level of beginner to intermediate, and demonstrates techniques that can take their AFV modelling projects to a higher level of accuracy, detail and appeal. Unlike other titles in the Osprey Modelling Series, this book focuses on techniques rather than how to model specific vehicles. It describes how to conduct preliminary project research and provides tips on basic and advanced levels of construction. Painting, marking and weathering a model are demonstrated, along with various ideas for presenting a finished model with figures in a vignette or diorama. All of the work in the book has been done in 1/35 scale, but the methods demonstrated would apply to models of any scale. Five contributors have combined their efforts to present the reader with varied approaches to modelling. The projects chosen and the methods demonstrated cover a wide range of subject matter and skills. Gary Edmundson shows basic model construction and also adds a few after-market parts to a Tamiya Char B1 bis, which is presented along with a second model in a diorama. France produced 369 Char B1 bis tanks between April 1937 and June 1940. Developed in the 1920s, the tank resembled World War I tanks, with track runs that went around the entire outside of the hull and the running gear protected by the side armour plate.

Saturday, January 26, 2013

Aviation Classic Issue 3

On 5 March 1936, a beautiful-looking sleek new monoplane made its first flight from the Super marine works airfield at Eastleigh in Hampshire -attractive as it may have been, this aircraft was designed to be the leading fighter of its time and intended solely for combat. The Spitfire was born. It had been back in late 1931 that Air Ministry Specification F7/30 was formally put out to industry. This called for a new front line RAF fighter armed with four 0.303in machine-guns that could reach a higher speed than the Bristol Bulldog biplane. Supermarine, courtesy of the company's chief designer RJ Mitchell, had recently achieved great success with a series of revolutionary high-speed floatplanes that had set world speed records while taking part in the Schneider Trophy races with the RAF's High Speed Flight. The ideas and technology used was an ideal basis on which to look into the development of this new fighter - the combination of Mitchell's designs such as the successful Supermarine S6B, and the Rolls-Royce engine which powered it, had formed a world-leading partnership in the production of high-speed monoplane aircraft.

RC Model Flyer 12/2010

If you are the type of modeler that gets all hot under the collar and excited about the latest 'foamy' that claims to "look and perform just like the real thing" even though, in reality, it wheezes around the sky like a poorly asthmatic, and is accurately painted in an authentic colour scheme that is used by the 'Royal Psychedelic Airforce', then you may want to think again if you were fancying buying the E-flite Sabre. If you do indeed decide to go ahead with your purchase, you may also want to consider ordering the model via mail order rather than collecting it from your local model shop, and you should certainly avoid the temptation to buy it at a show. I mention this simply because whilst it is arguably still acceptable for a small boy who still believes in father Christmas to wet himself with excitement on Christmas morning when said Santa Claus drops off his first ever model aeroplane, the same cannot be said for grown ups!

Flying Scale Models 05/2011

At 81 years old (young?), Ken Perkins shows no signs of taking a back seat in scale modelling! This is good news for readers of FSM, as Ken's latest design, a Mitsubishi A5M4 'Claude' will be a nice change from the normal Warbird type. This model is definitely one that many modellers would leave alone. It has a very short nose, a fairly high aspect ratio elliptical wing and tail, and precious little space to install the necessary kit, due to the aforementioned short nose and thin wing section. Ken actually added an inch to the nose length knowing it would be tail heavy, even with the convenient 'ballast' weight of the Saito seven-cylinder radial engine he used. You'd never know by looking at the photos! I guess if it was a smaller scale, you would notice the extra length, but at 1:5 it's not noticeable. Including 3 lb of lead in the nose, the Claude weighs 21 lbs and has an 84" wingspan. It's of all conventional construction from balsa and ply with blue foam being used for the headrest/fairing.

Modelling and Painting Figures

There's no doubt that modelling figures is the most difficult part of the model-maker's art and the one that can make or break a diorama. There are so many things that can go wrong: if the posture is wrong, if the physical attributes and features aren't lifelike and in the right proportions, or if the clothing and the play of light on the clothing is inaccurate the figures will look stilted and inhuman. And we all know what happens when the figures in a diorama look wrong: it doesn't matter how good the rest of the model-making is, the overall effect will be ruined. Modelling figures well starts with the general proportions of the human body: get these wrong and you're already modelling a fantasy figure! After getting the proportions right, you then have to get the posture right: it must be lifelike and human. Then you've got to make sure the clothes hang properly, that the paint job is realistic.

Friday, January 25, 2013

Modeling US Armor of WW2

I've written several books and hundreds of articles on armor modeling, and I decided to take a different approach in this book. Instead of describing some specific modeling projects, I've stepped back and tried to provide a broad overview of my modeling techniques. I've done this so that I can spend more time on each of these modeling specialties. When writing about my latest model, I've often found that I fall back into robotic mode when trying to summarize my painting or weathering technique for the 400th time. So this format provides me with a bit more space than usual to describe my techniques. I want to emphasize the phrase "my techniques." This book does not cover every possible painting or construction method as there simply isn't the space to do so. It is about the methods that I use. I do not claim that they are the best techniques, but they are techniques that I have found effective for my own style of building. This book is intended to be a bit of a smorgasbord. My modeling style encompasses not only a tank model, but associated figures, stowage, scenic display and photography. I don't expect readers to be interested in all the subjects, and I don't expect readers to be interested in all the various techniques.

How to Paint and Weather Scale Models

Simulating wear and tear on combat machines helps make convincing models. Chipped paint can be simulated by dry-brushing with metallic paints, marking with graphite and silver pencils, applying metallic powders, and chipping with sharp tools, but these methods can be time-consuming. Our fast, easy technique requires nothing more exotic than ordinary table salt. It all began when one of us, Michael, was making pretzels for his kids one evening. Reaching for the kosher salt, inspiration struck. Why not simulate paint flaking by masking a model with salt before applying the top coat? This led to several trial runs, all with convincing results. The salt technique has several advantages. Application is quick, and salt adheres almost as well to lightly moistened plastic as it does to egg-washed pretzels. The salt grains slightly disrupt the flow of paint sprayed at an angle, thus contributing variations in paint intensity and depth. (Modelers have used liquid masking substances and rubber cement to create a similar effect, but they lie relatively flat.) Salt can be applied evenly to replicate gentle wear or in an uneven pattern to simulate more aggressive natural chipping. When wiped from the surface and captured by a cloth, it also serves as a sandpaper-like abrasive to create additional wear and streaking on the paint.

Model Builder International No.1

MBI is your newest source of information in the model-building world. Our goal is to not only bring you a high-quality print publication, but to be the very first scale modeling magazine to offer a paper-free option for those who prefer electronic media. We intend to do this by changing how our magazine is developed. MBI is a magazine created, written, and edited by modelers • Modelers who are enthusiastic about the hobby! There's a learning curve involved, and MBI might look like just another model magazine at the start. But the staff has a plan and goal, and we want MBI to be the magazine that all others emulate. The success of this magazine hinges entirely on the passion and commitment of everyone involved, from the author to the reader. You can be a part of that passion -just drop us aline. The issue you are reading today is just an insight into what MBI is about. From this point forward we will be bringing you a magazine like no other. MBI's future issues will be theme based from D-Day to the Pursian Gulf and everything inbetween. Not only will you see fantastic builds but, those builds will be accompanied by the history of that specific model or the battles in which it fought. In essence you will be getting two magazines in one.

Model Aviation World 04/2010

When we first saw the announcement that Tamiya would be releasing a large scale Spitfire we eagerly awaited the modelling treat ahead. As more and more information about the kit began to emerge, there was little doubt that Tamiya had gone to extraordinary lengths to produce an excellent kit of an excellent aircraft. Based on the philosophy that 'it's good to share' Spencer and I split this project between us. I have built 90% of the model as subassemblies, painting internal parts where appropriate. Spencer then takes over for the final part of the work, putting my subassemblies together and applying the final paintwork and decals. I acted as the chief scribe whilst Spencer completed the model. Having spent some time looking through the instructions, you will see that several of the stages can be tackled in any order you wish. Much of the build is modular with the sub-assemblies brought together at the appropriate time. However, I will take you through the build, step-by-step as it appears in the instructions book.

Thursday, January 24, 2013

Military Illustrated Modeller Issue 003

The Kawasaki Ki-61 is sometimes described as a Japanese Messerschmitt Bf 109 due to the distinctive nose shape associated with the licence-built Daimler-Benz engine. I can't see it myself, but I must be wrong because that's how it is described in all of my references! The first production Ki-61-Is were deployed operationally in April 1943 when the 68th and 78th Sentais arrived in New Guinea. With four .50 calibre machine guns, the Tonys proved to be at least a match for the opposing American fighters, but not strong enough to knock down enemy bombers. This led to more heavily armed versions carrying 20mm and sometimes 30mm cannon. The aircraft I have chosen to represent flew with the 244th Sentai based in Japan at Chofu, performing home defence duties for the Tokyo prefecture under the command of Major Tembico Kobayashi. A photograph of this aircraft appears on page 78 of Robert C. Mikesh's book 'BROKEN WINGS OF THE SAMURAI'. This is a great reference for late war Japanese aircraft paint schemes and especially weathering!

Historical Figures of Japan

This figure is truly commemorable to me.with which I won the Gold award in Euro Militaire. 1996. I built the kit to image the Battle of Cannae in the 2nd Punic Wars preceded by 70 years to the fall of Carthage at the 3rd Punic Wars designed originally by the kit. The Battle of Cannae was widely known as the battle that the Carthage troops led by the great commander Hannibal annihilated the superior Roman troops with his carefully drawn up tactics. On the face of the figure, the astonishment and the terror to lose the battle after their victory seemed certain came over. I did a contrasty painting on his face to emphasize him sized suddenly with terror. I was not sure to do such a contrasty painting at that time since nobody did it. However. I aquired my confidence in the contrasty painting owing to the Gold award.

Essential Techniques for the Model Builder

Building a model can be a pretty solitary task - most of us work by ourselves in a corner of the basement or a hobby room. When you finish a model, though, there's nothing like showing it off at a contest or club meeting. However, that means removing the latest masterpiece from the safety of your workbench and exposing it to the seemingly endless hazards of the outside world. Sooner or later, you'll probably "prang" a model when you're unpacking it far from home. Antennas and canopies get knocked off, seemingly secure parts let go, and perfectly applied finishes get dinged. And although most contest judges will overlook problems if you add a "damaged in transit" note to your model-entry form, no one wants to put out a freshly broken model for display.
Thankfully, a lot of traveling damage is minor and can usually be repaired in the field if you have the right tools. Traveling with a small well-stocked "model first-aid kit" will help you restore your models to fighting trim.

Max Modeller Issue 3

One of the many designs produced to the same RLM reqirements that eventually saw the Me 163 go into production, was this one from the firm of Skoda-Kauba. It was to be a ram jet aircraft that was trolley launched and fitted with retractable skids for landing. Produced by A & V resin, this kit was a joy to build with the minimum amount of filler and only a little extra detailing of the cockpit required. A standard 76/81/83 camouflage was applied using Xtracolor and an Aztec airbrush. A launch trolley is not included with the kit, so one was scratch built using evergreen plastic of various types and some wheels and RATO rockets from my collection of spares. After painting in RLM02 the trolley adds the finishing touch to a good looking model.

Wednesday, January 23, 2013

Flight Journal 02/2013

AFTER YEARS OF DELAYS, cost issues and technical glitches, the F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter (JSI;) is moving toward becoming operational. The Marine Corps is moving aggressively to be first with the JSF by kicking off operations at Yuma, Arizona, with squadron VMFA (AW)-121 "Green Knights" early in 2013. The JSF's future depends largely on how soon authorization will be given to begin training pilots and maintainers at the 33rd Fighter Wing "Nomads," Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. The joint-service training wing will serve as a schoolhouse for all three JSF versions—the land-based F-35A in its 58th Fighter Squadron "Gorillas;" the STOVL F-35B in squadron VMFAT-501 "Warlords" and the carrier-based F-35C in squadron VFA-101 "Grim Reapers." The wing has Air Force, Marine Corps, and Navy members scattered throughout. In mid-October, Eglin had 20 JSFs—10 F-35As, nine Marine Corps F-35Bs, and one British F-35B. JSFs were flying at Eglin under severe restrictions, which included not flying in the rain and, the Lightning II moniker notwithstanding, staying 25 miles from lightning.

How to Build and Modify - Resin Model Aircraft Kits

Model building has many purposes. At one extreme lies the sophisticated, ultra precise, and—quite frequently—inordinately expensive models. These are the models whose reason for being is to assist in development of full-size prototypes—cars, submarines, spacecraft, whatever—or through the magic of special effects, to bring fantasy to life on the silver screen. In the B.C. (before computers) era, it was understood that a model builder was someone who created realistic three-dimensional replicas or representations. The end result was something you could hold in your hand (or stand next to if the scale was sufficiently large) and/or walk around. It existed in physical form. The advent of computers has changed that. Today, a model builder is defined in Hollywood as someone who creates three-dimensional images on a computer screen. I'm sorry, but unless you have access to Industrial Light & Magic, it isn't the same thing.

Max Modeller Issue 2

When entering bulk production in 1944, the 37mm Flak 43 stood at the end of a development that had started out in 1935 with the appearance of the 3.7cm Flak 18. By mid-war it had become clear that the ubiquitous 20mm Flak did not pack enough of a punch to deal with the ever growing allied threat from the skies. Rheinmetall-Borsig and Krupp participated in a tender requesting a stronger weapon. Initially Krupp won the tender, but had to cede to the competitor due a construction flaw later. The resulting quarrel between fat cats of the party stopped the start of the bulk production from as early as 1942 until 1944. By that time this powerful weapon came too late to have an impact on the outcome of the war, even though a significant number were delivered owing to efficient production of this clever design.

Hints And Tips for Plastic Modeling

Few other hobbies give as great a return on the hobbyist's investment as plastic modeling. Even a novice with few tools and little space can build handsome models from inexpensive plastic kits. Experienced modelbuilders create superbly detailed miniature aircraft, armored vehicles, cars, trucks, ships, and other models using techniques that call for exquisite craftsmanship, but that still require only modest work space and a limited range of tools and materials. HINTS AND TIPS FOR PLASTIC MODELING contains several hundred modelbuilding techniques compiled from publications of the International Plastic Modelers Society/USA and volunteered by IPMS/USA members. All these hints and tips have been tested and found useful to beginning, intermediate, and advanced modelers.

Tuesday, January 22, 2013

Historical Figure Painting Guide

Figure painting is considered by many to be the most demanding and difficult art form in this hobby, as it requires the reproduction in scale of the human form. Scale soldiers have been with us for centuries, but only in recent years has the quest for realism been reached. Shows and contests devoted exclusively to figures are abundant around the world, and always draw large crowds. And even among a field of hundreds, a single figure which is accurately rendered will always stand out. This publication is intended as a simple color guide. The reader will soon realize that a small group of the right colors can produce a variety of color schemes and effects when combined with quality oil paints. We have used our historical figures in this book due to their depth of color and intricate detail. Figure construction and painting techniques are discussed in depth in one of our earlier books, "The System: Volume I".

Made in Holland - A Portfolio of Dutch Master Modellers

Ever since I started to build dioramas, I had plans to build a factory scene. I just couldn't find the proper motivation or inspiration for it. One day I was doing some research on the SIG 33 on Pzlll chassis, and learned that some 24 of these vehicles were sent to the Stalingrad area to be put into operational use for the first time. All 24 were lost. They were simply not equipped for fighting in built-up areas. Looking at Roy Schurgers' diorama "Firestarter", I was mesmerized by the idea and how he displayed it, so I decided to tell the same story, only this time the Russians would be the fire starters. The idea was that a Sig33 had to drive through a tractor factory in Stalingrad to support some infantry. The Russians started to hunt down the vehicle. The opportunity presented itself via a raised walkway for the Russians to get above the German tank and attack it with a Molotov cocktail.

Imperial Armour Model Masterclass Vol.1

Welcome to Imperial Armour Model Masterclass - the first in what will hopefully become a series of Masterclass books showing you how to achieve fantastic results when building and painting your Warhammer 40,000 models. As the name of this book suggests, a certain degree of knowledge in model construction and painting is assumed of the hobbyist. This book does not cover the basic techniques but demonstrates advanced techniques that will require some degree of skill and experience to get the best results. You will find all the basic modelling and painting techniques you will need covered in great detail in the Citadel modelling and painting books and within the pages of White Dwarf magazine. Whether you are building and painting a centre piece model for your army or constructing a detailed diorama for competition and display, this book is packed with innovative techniques for construction and painting to help you get the most from your Forge World kits. All the techniques are demonstrated in step-by-step detail in extensive construction and painting articles. These articles range from painting tanks (always a favourite!) to constructing a diorama, to building wargaming scenery and terrain.

Messerschmitt Bf 109.pdf

Designed by Willy Messerschmitt, the Bf 109 first flew in 1935 and remained in service throughout WWII. It remained the backbone of the Luftwaffe's day fighter force and was never completely superseded by the outstanding Focke-WulfFw 190. Over 33,000 Bf 109s were built, ensuring that the Russian 'Sturmovik' was the only warplane ever produced in greater numbers. The Bf 109 first saw combat during the Spanish Civil War in 1936 after Hitler had decided to help General Franco's Nationalist forces. The Condor Legion was formed to go to Spain and, amongst other types, it included Bf 109Bs, Cs and Ds. Considerable combat experience and information were gained, ensuring the Luftwaffe was going to be well prepared for the fight ahead.

Monday, January 21, 2013

How to Paint Citadel Miniatures

How to Paint Citadel Miniatures is an introduction and general guide to assembling and painting Citadel miniatures, whether plastic or metal. The chosen examples concentrate on the most popular Games Workshop ranges, namely models for Warhammer, Warhammer 40.000, and The Lord of The Rings - but the methods and materials discussed are applicable to all similar models. This book is for everyone who wants to learn more about painting miniatures, whether for wargames or display. It has been produced with the collector of armies in mind but it covers a whole range of techniques from the basic to the most complex. All techniques are explained and shown in clear close-up photographs or line drawings. The working methods of individual painters are presented in a series of detailed stage by stage photographs with accompanying hints and tips. The overall aim of this guide has been to show a variety of styles to suit different tastes and stimulate experimentation rather than championing any particular 'look' or technique.

Max Modeller Issue 1

It's been a long time since I painted any fantasy type figurines so when I was approached to paint one of MDC's new resin busts I welcomed the opportunity to chance my hand at painting one in oils, without the colour restraints that historical kits bring. To the kit, it is a one piece casting in and around 1/10th scale of a bust titled 'WIGHT LORD'. The detail is very good with little or no flash lines and an odd air bubble which has to be hunted out and filled. This aside, the casting is excellent and in no time was ready to be painted. It is part of a series sculpted by the talented Neil Roberts commissioned by MDC. There are no colouring instructions or photo on the snazzy bag it comes in, so it's totally up to the individual how you choose to colour it. My first impression when I got the model was that it could have been styled on a Roman Lord, especially with the scale armour, heavy cloak and pleated short sleeves, so with this in mind I had a colour scheme forming for the "Uniform" anyway.

RC Model Flyer 11/2010

The article title is the title of the Spektrum blurb, not mine, so when the DX8 arrived at the editorial office, rather than give it to someone to review, I thought I'd do the initial analysis first! What follows is a detailed list of the DX8 radio's attributes as described by Spektrum, followed by an initial review of my observations and opinions gained over the last few weeks I have been playing with it. A longer period will be needed for a more accurate and fuller assessment of its capabilities and I'm sure there will be a follow up article in a few months to give a more in depth evaluation. Not being a heli user, our sister magazine Rotorworld will be featuring a review aimed at dedicated heli users. It's amazing how the 2.4GHz revolution has changed the face of aeromodelling - in just a few years, the majority of the UK show and fly-in pilots have switched to 2.4GHz and Spektrum, in the form of the DX7, has taken the lead in being the majority favourite manufacturer, despite all the other main manufacturers joining the 2.4GHz switchover. Not everyone has been convinced, but in my estimate in just a few years time, 35Mhz will be a thing of the past - a bit like digital radio replacing analogue radio.

Great Scale Modeling

When entering bulk production in 1944, the 37mm Flak 43 stood at the end of a development that had started out in 1935 with the appearance of the 3.7cm Flak 18. By mid-war it had become clear that the ubiquitous 20mm Flak did not pack enough of a punch to deal with the ever growing allied threat from the skies. Rheinmetall-Borsig and Krupp participated in a tender requesting a stronger weapon. Initially Krupp won the tender, but had to cede to the competitor due a construction flaw later. The resulting quarrel between fat cats of the party stopped the start of the bulk production from as early as 1942 until 1944. By that time this powerful weapon came too late to have an impact on the outcome of the war, even though a significant number were delivered owing to efficient production of this clever design.

Sunday, January 20, 2013

Aviation Classic Issue 2

On 15 August 2009 North American P-51D Mustang 44-13521 Marinell landed back at Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire. It had last taken off from there on 13 August 1944, which prompted a voice to sound over the radio saying, "Welcome home Marinell" After spending five years rebuilding the fighter to achieve such a tribute to Lt Myer Winkelman who was killed that clay 65 years ago, pilot Maurice Hammond simply replied "Thank-you" in an emotional voice as he taxied towards the parking area. P-51D-5-NA 44-13521 was built at NAA's Inglewood, California factory and taken on charge on 30 June 1944. It flew with the 339th Fighter Group's 504th Fighter Squadron from Fowlmere. This Mustang was usually flown by Captain Bradford V Stevens, but it was being flown by 2nd Lt Myer Winkelman when it was shot clown on a low-level bombing mission over France on 13 August 1944 resulting in the loss of life of its young USAAF pilot.

How to Build Dioramas

A diorama, in the strictest sense of the term, is a scene enclosed in a box and viewed through a small opening, something we more commonly call a "shadow box." In recent years, diorama has come to mean any scene executed in three dimensions, whether it is enclosed in a box or not. At its most basic, then, a diorama is nothing more than a model or group of models placed in a realistic setting. This setting almost invariably involves a landscaped base of some sort and probably a few figures to add scale and interest. Once installed in a setting, however, any model undergoes a transformation. It becomes part of a three-dimensional picture, an image as vivid and informative as a painting or a photograph. This is because a model standing alone is limited to being just what it appears to be: a miniature replica of an object in real life. In a diorama setting the model is placed in context, and the context furnishes a frame of reference that amplifies and further illustrates the models meaning and significance.

Electric Flight 03/2013

The Alien Aircraft PT-17 is 3D-CAD designed and contains laser-cut parts that use tab-and-notch construction for a fast and accurately built model. You also get two full-size computer-drawn plans, a quality hardware pack, preformed aluminum landing gear, cabane struts, and decals for either Navy or Army versions of the Stearman. Alien Aircraft also offers the kit as a Deluxe Combo that includes the kit, motor, speed control, motor mount, propeller, connectors, pushrods, and Velcro. Building the PT-17 is an enjoyable experience and you should have the model airborne within a couple of weeks. Because of the construction methods used, this would actually be a good model to build as your first kit, especially if you get the Deluxe Combo. The complete and colorful step-by-step instruction manual is in a PDF format and can be downloaded from Alien Aircraft's website.

Armour Modelling

I have been a model builder for nearly 60 years, using many different materials and methods. My first was a Matilda tank, made in 1947 with cardboard cut from breakfast cornflake boxes, but as well as tanks I have built models ranging from aircraft carved in sections from solid balsa wood to large-scale cars and full-rigged sailing ships. Many of the methods I used are still the same for 21st-century plastic models; even the carving of balsa wood prepared me to shape new parts from solid plastic! Some years ago, because there had been many comments from newcomers to model building that no-one explained the techniques they needed to know to handle the increasing number of etched-metal and resin accessories and conversions appearing on the market, I wrote for Military Modelling magazine a series called the 'Tank Modelling Course' aimed specifically to meet their needs.

Saturday, January 19, 2013

Military Illustrated Modeller Issue 002

Welcome to Military Illustrated Modeller No.2, AFV Edition (to save page-space, from now on I will refer to it simply as MiM-AFV!) Echoing Brett's words last issue, I am delighted to be at the joint-helm of this new publication; 'my' AFV edition will come out six times per year, alternating monthly with the six issues of Brett's Aircraft Edition. We have invested extensively in MiM-AFV and Aircraft and the luxury of high-grade paper will really let the photos of models shine. Of course, it's not just the paper that makes the models look good - the builds have to be top-notch to start with and I feel quite privileged to have some serious modelling talent on board. Angus Creighton, Pat Johnston, Stan Spooner, Eelke Warrink and Marcel Jussen have all joined us for this first AFV edition with some really varied subject matter, and I think you'll agree that their work is inspirational. Angus brings us his amazing build of Dragon's Sd.Kfz.7/1 Flakvierling and his unique and influential style is instantly recognisable; it's great to have him back in our pages. Pat's 1:48 armour-model work needs no introduction. He has taken Tamiya's recent quarter-inch scale Jagdtiger and given it a twist by finishing it in a factory red-oxide primer, very cool. Stan is TMMI's USA Consultant Editor and he's a pretty damn good modeller too. He has built DES Kits' 1:35 resin Laffly armoured-car to an amazingly high standard and it's certainly something a little different.

Greg Cihlar's Fabulous Military Dioramas

Greg wanted to build Tamiya's M8 "Greyhound" using all of the VP update sets for it. so he needed a scene that would show-off all of those details in a natural configuration. Since a combat scene would require that the vehicle be closed-up for action, it was decided to depict an abandoned vehicle. For scale perspective, as well as augmenting the theme of an abandoned vehicle, three German figures were added to better display this piece. The base is a 9'' x 9'' piece of 5/8" plywood built-up with styrofoam and Cell-U-Clay. Small dried roots, rocks, and fine sand were applied to a coat of diluted white glue. After dry, the base was base-coated with brown-black and highlighted with light brown and tan, followed by dry brushing with Model Master armor sand. The M8 was built according to the Tamiya instructions and all five VP update sets. The assembled kit was broken down into two parts because the interior needed to be accessible for detailing and painting. The interior was base-coated with an off-white, then washed with raw umber and black oils. Dry-brushing was also done in oils. After the upper hull was glued down and the hatches masked, the entire vehicle was airbrushed with a mixture of Polly Scale olive drab and flat black. A cloud pattern was applied with the same color lightened with white in successive layers. Raw umber and black oils were used for a wash, followed by dry brushing with Model Master faded olive drab and white oils.

Detailing Scale Model Aircraft.pdf

This is the most comprehensive book on detailing model aircraft ever written. It documents with step-by-step detail and hundreds of closeup photographs how to turn an average model into a detailed masterpiece. Dozens of simple techniques will teach you how to add detail to cockpits; scratchbuild interiors, seats, and seat frames; and add interior details such as piping, switches, and dials. You'll learn how to modify and improve kit-supplied parts; detail engines and intake and exhaust ports; how to add detail to wheel wells and landing gear; how to remove, modify, and reattach control surfaces, hatches, and access panels; and add rigging and control cables to biplanes. An entire chapter is devoted to tips and techniques on everything from seam removal to masking clear parts and applying and weathering decals. Whether your modeling tastes are propeller-driven aircraft from the First or Second World War or the sleek jet fighters of today, this book is for you!

Airfix Modelling 2011

The Fairey Swordfish, the legendary 'Stringbag', was a Torpedo, Spotter, Reconnaissance biplane dive-bomber which went into service with the Fleet Air Arm pre-war in 1936. Initially, Swordfish operated from the large fleet carriers. Later Swordfish operated from escort carriers, and were very effective against U-boats. The nickname Stringbag indicated the versatility of the Swordfish, which could carry an unlikely combination of loads, but also referred to its jungle of bracing wires, which belonged to a past age. The Swordfish remained operational until the end of the war, gaining the distinction of being the last biplane to see active service.

Friday, January 18, 2013

Fly RC 10/2010

For many RC enthusiasts, myself included, this diverse hobby is as least as much about the time we share with others as it is about building and flying model aircraft. I've mused time and again that our models are often just an excuse to get together with friends at the local field for a few hours, or for a long weekend out of town at a larger event. As the years add up we inevitably meet unique individuals that influence our own paths within the hobby as we will also come to mentor others. The Southeast Electric Flight Festival (SEFF) is perfect example of where lifelong friendships can be forged. I was there for the first time this year and was most impressed by its sense of community. With almost 400 registered pilots and many non-fliers as well, it was undeniably a large RC gathering, yet it seemed more like a busy weekend at a local club field. I felt welcome to stop at every tent, introduce myself and discuss about anything that came to mind.

Battle of Britain Aircraft

BEING classed as fighters, the Blenheim Mk. If's and IVF's adopted the current Fighter Command scheme of Dark Green (Humbrol HB1 Dark Green plus a dash of Red No. 60), and Dark Earth (Humbrol HB2 Dark Earth) uppersurfaces, in one of two standard camouflage patterns, referred to as A and B schemes, with Night (black) port and White starboard undersides, either divided equally down the centre line, or simply with the starboard wing and tailplane painted White over the original Night underside finish. Inevitably there were variations to these two underside schemes, but these were the most common National markings followed the progressive changes, which by early 1940, had been fixed at Type B upperwing. and Type A fuselage roundels. No underwing roundels were carried, unless operations over the French mainland were undertaken, in which case a Type A1 roundel was applied under the Night port wing and a Type A under the White starboard wing. Fin stripes were not introduced until May 1940, when they were painted the full height of the fin, normally in 6 to 7 inch widths, occasionally of greater widths, and sometimes even covering the entire fin area The Yellow outer ring to the fuselage roundels was also reinstated at this time, converting them into Type A1.

Displaying Your Model

I think I should start by saying that in this book I'm setting out to achieve the rather difficult task of creating a work that will be of help, or at least of interest, to a wide readership ranging from the beginner to the more experienced modeller. Many of us build models just for the fun of it, and then put them on a shelf and derive pleasure from simply looking at them, but now and then we get the urge to enter one in a competition and have our work judged by our peers. Whether this is a local club event, a large national show or even an international such as EuroMilitaire, that is the moment when we want our model - figure, vignette or diorama - to be presented in the best way. The choices we make about how the model is to be 'displayed' obviously cannot be a separate afterthought, and should usually be integral to the planning of the piece from the early stages. They can add to the appeal even of a single figure or vehicle, and become more important the larger the vignette or diorama is to be. An added dimension over recent years is the question of model photography, which is itself a type of 'display'. Nowadays quite sophisticated digital photographic effects are increasingly available and affordable, and while I have not gone into technicalities in this book the presentation of some of the photos provided for it by fellow modellers makes this relevant.

Flight Journal 12/2012

IN A CEREMONY that emphasized the Joint Strike Fighter's global pedigree, Lockheed Martin presented the UK's first F-35B Lightning II to the Ministry of Defense on July 19 at the company's Fort Worth, Texas, plant. The acceptance of ZM135, a short takeoff and vertical landing (STOVL) variant, also marked the first international delivery of an F-35. Britain, the first of eight international partners to join the JSF program, has ordered three Lightning lis and the ministry announced it would purchase a fourth model in 2013. UK-based BAE Systems builds the aft fuselage, fuel system, crew escape, and life support systems. The single-engined F-35 is assembled in Fort Worth where Lockheed Martin also builds the F-16 Fighting Falcon. Both the Royal Air Force and the Royal Navy will conduct F-35 flight trials in the coming years from land bases and ships. By the time they are operational from airfields in 2018, the fighters will he conducting tests from the HMS Queen Elizabeth, the first of a pair of RN supercarriers.

Aircraft Modelling

Building scale model aircraft is an absorbing pastime that can encompass a broad range of interests and skills. A proficiently wrought scale model can evoke a period in history, or represent an attractive addition to the mantelpiece. Despite competition from hi-tech leisure pursuits and the spiralling cost of mainstream manufacturing, the hobby of scale aircraft modelling has reached a pinnacle of variety and quality. Thanks to new short-run plastic injection-moulding technologies and the superiority of resin details, modellers in the 21st century can build an impressive replica of almost any military aircraft that ever flew. With the emergence of the Internet, we have access to technical and historical resources that earlier generations could only dream of The Internet also puts us in real-time contact with other modellers and historians across the globe. There has never been a better time to build plastic models.

Thursday, January 17, 2013

Advanced Aviation Modelling

We all have our own story that makes up who and what we are. I was born into a British Armed Forces family in West Germany, as it was then, in 1971. I cannot remember how old I was, but I recall picking up a red plastic Airfix Gnat from our local NAAFI. The only other thing I remember was that the kit was in a bag! When the film Star Wars came out in 1977, my friends and I wanted to make the sci-fi models that were becoming available, and then in 1980 when the whole of West Germany seemed to become one big military exercise area as Crusader 80 kicked off, we all started making Tamiya tanks. The tank thing has never really left me and certainly was the only area of the hobby I was interested in when I myself joined the Army for five years. The next modelling chapter of my life came in my final year at Theological College when my wife decided I needed a hobby for a bit of escapism and proceeded to go out and buy me a Tamiya Mini Cooper! Sandra has continued to encourage me in this area ever since and as long as the models aren't too big or dirty looking, she is happy. Perhaps the greatest turning point in my modelling life came in December 1994 whilst ministering in the Aldershot area. It was at this juncture that my local model shop introduced me to the International Plastic Modelling Society (IPMS) club held at Farnborough, at which I was exposed to a great variety of modelling interests and skills.

Battlecolours No.01

Welcome to the first issue of Battle Colours, featuring dios from modellers around the world. Over the past few years it has been our great fortune to meet and correspond with many excellent modellers and interesting people; such as the staff at Warriors Scale Models, Mr. James Welch of Luxembourg and Mr. Andreas Noßmann of Germany. We also have come to know some of the staff at Universal Models in Hong Kong (makers of the fine Dragon Models line), as well as Mr. Nobuyoshi Okuno of Ordnance Models - The Tank Workshop in Japan. Talking with these people gave us the idea for this publication. We thought it was time to combine the talents of some of these modellers and display their skills in one publication aimed at the diorama enthusiasts. Not just dioramas using one style and one type of product, but a combination of techniques, products and ideas. We do hope that you agree.

Armor Conversion and Detailing Projects

The Sherman tank wasn't the biggest or the best, but it was relentless in both numbers and reliability. It carved its name in history, "Built like a Sherman tank!" The Sherman rivals the Russian T-34 as the most-produced tank in history; more than 49,000 were built. I wanted to build the first of the line, an M4. (The M4 wasn't the first version produced—the M4A1 and the M4A2 actually came off the production lines earlier—but the M4 was the first Sherman standardized as a production design.) Research. Information on the M4 Sherman is a good-news bad-news situation. The good news is that many excellent books and articles exist dealing with the Sherman; the bad news is that none of these sources is definitive and you may need several publications to find details on a particular variant. Many examples of Shermans still exist and can be studied, but many of these are test vehicles, one-off modifications, or other deviations from production standards. I found only one photo of the particular version I was interested in, so I assume few actually were produced.

Wednesday, January 16, 2013

Aviation Classic Issue 1

Lincolnshire's Lancaster Association is a registered charity supporting the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight. It was formed from the Lincolnshire Lancaster Committee; a small group of people who came together when the Lancaster was moved from RAF Waddington to RAF Coltishall in 1973. The committee's original aims were to ensure that PA474 would return to Lincolnshire and that the Lancaster would remain in the county as a memorial to the thousands of aircrew who lost their lives during World War Two. Following a request from the RAF to help produce the hardware that made the fitting of the mid-upper turret to the Lancaster possible, it was decided to change the name of the committee and invite public membership. LLA currently has almost 6500 members worldwide and continues to give invaluable support to the Flight. Many projects have been funded over the years by LLA, and this support can only be financed only by the generosity of members, by bequests, donations and money raised from the sale of souvenirs. A donation from the sale of each copy of this issue of Aviation Classics will be donated to LLA.

Airfix Modelling 2010 - The Battle of Britain 70th Anniversary

The Vickers-Armstrongs Valiant was a British four-jet bomber, once part of the Royal Air Force's V bomber force. As the Valiant was an entirely new class of aircraft for the RAF, 232 Operational Conversion Unit was established at RAF Gaydon. The first operational RAF unit to be equipped with the Valiant was 138 Squadron, also at RAF Gaydon, though it later moved to RAF Wittering. At its peak, the Valiant equipped at least seven RAF squadrons. A Valiant B.1 (WZ366) of No 49 Squadron (captained by Squadron Leader E.J.G. Flavell AFC) was the first RAF aircraft to drop a British operational atomic bomb when it performed a test drop of a down-rated Blue Danube weapon on Maralinga, South Australia, on 11 October 1956. It was the last time the V-bombers flew a war mission until Avro Vulcans bombed Port Stanley airfield in the Falkland Islands during the Falklands War in 1982.

Flight Journal 10/2012

THE U.S. AIR FORCE "isn't even remotely considering" replacing the A-10 Thunderbolt II, alias the Warthog, with a newer-generation, single-mission ground attack aircraft. "It isn't going to happen," said outgoing Air Force chief of staff Gen. Norton Schwartz on the 40th anniversary of the A-10's first flight on May 10. Gen. Mark Welsh, named to replace Schwartz on August 1, is not expected to change that decision. "The A-10 is a high-precision close air support weapon," Lt. Col. Brian "B.T." Burger told Flight Journal. He is the Arkansas Air National Guard officer slated to command the 184th Expeditionary Fighter Squadron in Afghanistan this summer. "When we upgraded the A-10 fleet to the current A-10C configuration, we did a great thing." On January 26, in a surprise to observers in Washington, the administration announced that as part of its plan for fiscal year 2013 it would retire 102 A-10Cs out of the 356 currently in service (and 715 built altogether).