During the Seven Years War the British wished to overthrow completely the influence of France in the "New World". In 1759 Louisbourg had fallen to the British and the Redcoats continued their war of conquest by laying plans for the swift seizure of the city of Quebec, which dominated the St. Lawrence River. Learning of the British plans, the French commander, the Marquis de Montcalm, organised a force of 14,000 assorted regulars, Canadians and Indians for the defence of the city. But Montcalm did not have a free hand, due to the interfering Governor General of Quebec, the Marquis de Vaudreuil, who wanted to command the army himself and mistrusted the sophisticated and experienced general from France. Strained relations also existed on the British side between the Commander-in-Chief, General James Wolfe, and his leading brigadiers, Murray, Monkton and Townshend. The last named general was a gifted cartoonist who openly lampooned his chief. The slightly built and ailing Wolfe tended to keep his plans to himself and rarely shared information with his subordinate commanders.
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